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GAP-Importance of Summer Irrigation in Black Pepper

Importance of GAP

Good Agricultural Practices or GAP are “practices that need to be applied on farms to ensure food safety during pre-production, production, harvest and post-harvest. In many cases such practices also help protect the environment and safety of workers”. They are a collection of principles to apply for farm production and post-production processes resulting in safe and healthy food and non-agricultural products while taking into account economic, social and environmental sustainability. Their purpose varies from fulfillment of trade and government regulatory requirements, in particular with regard to food safety and quality, to more specific requirements of specialty or niche markets. In addition to facilitation of market access, reduction in noncompliance risks regarding pesticide residues and microbial and other contaminant hazards may be achieved. GAP schemes are predominantly consumer driven and incorporate trace-ability requirements as an important part of their food safety measures.

Importance of Summer Irrigation in Black Pepper

Irrigating Black Pepper vines during summer (March 15th till Monsoon arrives) at fortnightly interval enhances productivity by 90 to 100% compared to unirrigated crop.
Vines are irrigated at the basin through hose and 50 litres per vine is recommended (15 years and above).
This can be reduced to 40 litres per vine for 11-15 years age group and 30 litres for vines aged between 5 – 10 years.
The spiking will be uniform in the irrigated crop as most of the spikes (> 90%) emerge by July while in rain fed crop only around 60% of spikes emerge in July and may extend till September.
Spike length will be comparatively more in irrigated crop.

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Important Things to Keep in Mind


Directorate of Arecanut and Spices Development
Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India
Calicut 673005, Kerala, India

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